About Kerala -

Kerala Wildlife

   

Kerala - Wildlife
 
The Wild & The Wonderful in Kerala

  Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in Thiruvanathapuram District.

Location : 50 km northest of Thiruvanathapuram city in Nedumanged taluk. The catchment ares of the Peppara Dam constructed across the karamana River, wea declared a Sanctuary in 1983. There are 13 tribal settlement in tha sanctuary - 11 of them in the Athirumala section and 2 in the Thodayar section.

Access : The Sanctuary is accessible from Vithura on the Thiruvanathapuram - Ponmudi Road.
Nearest Airport : Thiruvanathapuram (55km).
Nearest Railhead : Thiruvanathapuram, connected with Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kashmir.

Area : 53 sq.km.

Climate : Temperature : Summer: 35° Winter 16°.
Southwest monsoon: May-July
Northest monsoon: October-November
Rainfall:3000 mm.

Major Wildlife Attraction : Elephant, gaur, barking deer, wild boar, tiger, panther. Darter, egret. king Corbra, python, Malabar squirrel, loin-tailed macaque, mouse deer, Nilgiri langaur etc.

  Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in Thiruvanathapuram District.

Location : 30 km northest of Thiruvanathapuram city. The Sanctuary stretches from Neyyatinkara taluk to the Mundanthuari Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu. It is the drainage basin of the Neyyar River and its tributaries - Mullayar and Kallar - which originiate in Agasthyarkoodam, the second highest peak in Kerala (1868 m ). The Sanctuary wes established in 1958.

Access : Motorable Road :Connected with the Thiruvanathapuram city.
Nearest Airport : Thiruvanathapuram (32 km).
Nearest Railhead : Thiruvanathapuram, connected with Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kashmir.

Area : Total 128 sq. km. Core 60 sq.km

Climate : Temperature : Summer: 35° Winter 16°.
Southwest monsoon: May-July.
Northest monsoon: October-November.
Rainfall:3000 mm.

Major Wildlife Attraction : Elephant, gaur, barking deer, wild boar, Indian porcupine, tiger, bonnet macaque, loin-tailed macaque, rat snake, flying snake, viper, woodpecker, brahminy kit. grey jungle fowl, etc.

  Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in Kollam District.

Location : Pathanapuram taluk, 66 km from Kollam town on th eKollam- Shencotta Road.The Shenduruny forest was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1984. The name Shenduruny comes from an endemic species of tree called Chenkuruky (Gluta travancoria), mainly confined to this region. The artificial lake formed by the Parappar Dam built across the Shenduruny and Kulathupuzha rivers occupies the central region of the Sanctuary.

Access : Motorable Road : ---
Nearest Airport : Thiruvanathapuram (72 km).
Nearest Railhead : Thenmala connected with Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi, Kashmir. Motorable road connected with Kollam town and Thiruvanthapuram city.

Area :100.32 sq. km. Lake: 26 sq. km.

Climate :
Rainfall:3000 mm.

Major Wildlife Attraction : Macaca radiata, bonnet macaque, gaur, sambar, barking deer (muntjack), wild boar, Indian giant squirrel, three striped palm squirrel, lion-tailed macaque, mouse deer (Indian chevrotian), Nilgiri langur, elephant, tiger, leopard etc.

  Eravikulam National Park

Located in Idukki District.

Location : Devikulam taluk of Idukki district, 15 km north of Munnar. Established in 1975 to protect the Niligiri Tahr, the Eravikulam Sanctuary was declared a National Park in 1978 considering its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological and zoological significance. The park is breathtakingly beautiful and comparable to the Alpine ranges. This land of the Neelakurinji is 7 km from the Rajmalai hills.

Access : Kochi (135 km) and Kottayam (148 km) by road.
Nearest airport: Kochi
Nearest railway station : Aulva (115 km from Munnar).

Area : 97 sq. km

Climate: This is one of the wettest regions of the world. Rainfall: 4500 mm. Frost is common in the winter months - December to February.

Wildlife Attraction : Tiger, panher and wild dog are usually sighted in the open grasslands and sholawoods. Civet cats and jungle cats live in sholas. The sloth bear, Nilgiri langaur and wild boar are generally found in the shola forests and their fringes.

  Periyar Tiger Reserve

Located in Idukki District.

Location : This is one of the most prestigious regions on the high ranges of the Western Ghats. One of the world's most fascinating natural wildlife sanctuaries, the Periyar Reserve is noted for its geomorphology, diverse wildlife and beautiful kandscape. The drive to Thekkady itself is enchanting as the road winds through tranquil countryside, rich plantations and thick jungles. The Sanctuary, declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978 under the Project Tiger Scheme, attracts traveller from all over the world. This is the only sanctuary n India where the wild elephant can be observed and photographed at close quarters. There are two watch towers in the Periyar forest.

Access : The entry point to the Reserve is Thekkady, which is accessible by good roads from the airports of Madurai(145 m), Kochi (190 km) and Thiruvananthapuram (272 km).
Nearest Railhead : Kottayam (114 km).

Area : Total 777 sq. km. Core 350 sq. km. Periyar Lake: 26 sq km. Evergreen forest cover: 360 sq. km.

Climate :
Rainfall:3000 mm.

Best time to visit: October-May Entry to the Reserve.

Topography: 900 m to over 2000 m above sea level.

Rainfall: 2500 mm.

Major Wildlife Attraction : Wild Elephant, tiger, panther, wild dog, gaur, Nilgiri tahr, peafowl, brahminy kite and black-winged kite, darter, little cormorant, kingfisher, black-necked stork, King cobra, viper, krait, tortoise and crocodiles, masheer fish etc.

  Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in Idukki District.

Location : 40 km from Thodupuzha town. Spread over the Thodupuzha and Udumpanchola taluks of Idukki district. The Idukki arch dam, the first major hydrelectric project in Kerala, is situated here. The 33 sq. km. scenic around the sanctuary - the Idukki reservoir is formed by the three dams Cheruthoni, Idukki and Kulamavu.

Area : 77 sq. km.

Climate :
Monsoon: June - November Rainfall : 2200 mm.

Major Wildlife Attraction : Elephant, deer, bear, leopard, wild pig, Horbill, kingfisher, snake, Cobra, viper, python.

  Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

Located in Idukki District.

Location : Located in the rain shadow regionof the Western Ghats, the sanctuary occupies the forested region on either side of the Marayoor - Udumalpet road. This is the second habitat of the endangered giant grizzled squirrel of India. The location of the sanctuary offers the unique advantage of watching its fascinating wildlife at close quarters fromt the road without venturing deep into the jungle. The Marayoor sandal forest and the beautiful Thoovanam waterfalls are located here.

Best time to visit: Almost throughout the year, except during Oct-Nov.
Visiting time: 0700-1800 hrs. Visitors are not allowed during the monsoon.

Access :
Nearest railway stations: Pollachi(60 km) and Aluva (200 km).
Nearest airport : Coimbatore and Kochi.

Area: 90.422 sq. km.

Climate :
Rainfall: 100 mm. Unlike other regions in Kerala, Chinnar gets only 48 days of rain (Northeast monsoon: October - November) annually.
Temperature: Summer: 24° - 35° C.
Winter : 18 ° - 30° C.

Wildlife Attraction : Leopard, bear, porcupine etc. The elephant is an occasional visitor, Indian roller, cuckoo, common snipe, crow pheasant, jungle nightjar, kite, grey jungle fowl, Indian hill myna, robin, jungle babbler and darter, Python, cobra.